1 Calder, WA. Size, function and life history. Harvard University Press, 1984.
2 Narr, KL, Woods, RP, Thompson, PM, Szeszko, P, Robinson, D, Dimtcheva, T, Gurbani, M, Toga, AW, Bilder, RM. Relationships between IQ and regional cortical gray matter thickness in healthy adults. Cereb Cortex, 17:2163-2171, 2007.
3 Shaw, P, Greenstein, D, Lerch, J, Clasen, L, Lenroot, R, Gogtay, N, Evans, A, Rapoport, J, Giedd, J. Intellectual ability and cortical development in children and adolescents. Nature, 440:676-679, 2006.
4 Hillman, CH, Erickson, KI, Kramer, AF. Be smart, exercise your heart: exercise effects on brain and cognition. Nat Rev Neurosci, 9:58-65, 2008.
5 California Department of Education. California physical fitness test: Report to the governor and legislature. Sacramento, California. Department of Education Standards and Assessment Division. 2001.
6 Hawkins, HL, Kramer, AF, Capaldi, D. Aging, exercise, and attention. Psychol Aging, 7:643-653, 1992.
7 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Prevalence of physical activity, including lifestyle activities among adults. Morb Mort Weekly Report, 52:764-769, 2003.
8 Katzmarzyk, PT, Gledhill, N, Shephard, RJ. The economic burden of physical inactivity in Canada. Can Med Assoc J, 163:1435-1440, 2000.
9 Friederich, HC, Uher, R, Brooks, S, Giampietro, V, Brammer, M, Williams, SC, Herzog, W, Treasure, J, Campbell, IC. I'm not as slim as that girl: neural bases of body shape self-comparison to media images. Neuroimage, 37:674-681, 2007.
10 Shirao, N, Okamoto, Y, Mantani, T, Yamawaki, S. Gender differences in brain activity generated by unpleasant word stimuli concerning body image: an fMRI study. Br J Psychiatry, 186:48-53, 2005.
11 Tucci, S, Peters, J. Media influences on body satisfaction in female students. Psicothema, 20:521-524, 2008.
12 Takahashi, H, Kato, M, Matsuura, M, Mobbs, D, Suhara, T, Okubo, Y. When your gain is my pain and your pain is my gain: neural correlates of envy and schadenfreude. Science, 323:937-939, 2009.
13 Svenson, O. Are we all less risky and more skillful than our fellow drivers? Acta Psychol., 47:143-148, 1981.
14 Alicke, MD, Govorun, O. The better-than-average effect. The Self in Social Judgment 85-106, 2005.
15 Cross, KP. Not can, but will college teaching be improved? New Directions Higher Educ, 17:1-15, 1977.
16 Izuma, K, Saito, DN, Sadato, N. Processing of social and monetary rewards in the human striatum. Neuron, 58:284-294, 2008.
17 Fliessbach, K, Weber, B, Trautner, P, Dohmen, T, Sunde, U, Elger, CE, Falk, A. Social comparison affects reward-related brain activity in the human ventral striatum. Science, 318:1305-1308, 2007.
18 Johnson, DD, Fowler, JH. The evolution of overconfidence. Nature, 477:317-320, 2011.
19 Takahashi, H, Matsuura, M, Koeda, M, Yahata, N, Suhara, T, Kato, M, Okubo, Y. Brain activations during judgments of positive self-conscious emotion and positive basic emotion: pride and joy. Cereb Cortex, 18:898-903, 2008.
20 King-Casas, B, Tomlin, D, Anen, C, Camerer, CF, Quartz, SR, Montague, PR. Getting to know you: reputation and trust in a two-person economic exchange. Science, 308:78-83, 2005.
21 Singer, T, Seymour, B, O'Doherty, JP, Stephan, KE, Dolan, RJ, Frith, CD. Empathic neural responses are modulated by the perceived fairness of others. Nature, 439:466-469, 2006.
22 Raby, CR, Alexis, DM, Dickinson, A, Clayton, NS. Planning for the future by western scrub-jays. Nature, 445:919-921, 2007.
23 Moriguchi, Y, Decety, J, Ohnishi, T, Maeda, M, Mori, T, Nemoto, K, Matsuda, H, Komaki, G. Empathy and judging other's pain: an fMRI study of alexithymia. Cereb Cortex, 17:2223-2234, 2007.
24 Ogino, Y, Nemoto, H, Inui, K, Saito, S, Kakigi, R, Goto, F. Inner experience of pain: imagination of pain while viewing images showing painful events forms subjective pain representation in human brain. Cereb Cortex, 17:1139-1146, 2007.
25 Lount, RB, Jr. The impact of positive mood on trust in interpersonal and intergroup interactions. J Pers Soc Psychol, 98:420-433, 2010.
26 Coates, JM, Gurnell, M, Rustichini, A. Second-to-fourth digit ratio predicts success among high-frequency financial traders. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 106:623-628, 2009.
27 Coates, JM, Herbert, J. Endogenous steroids and financial risk taking on a London trading floor. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 105:6167-6172, 2008.
28 Manning, JT, Scutt, D, Wilson, J, Lewis-Jones, DI. The ratio of 2nd to 4th digit length: a predictor of sperm numbers and concentrations of testosterone, luteinizing hormone and oestrogen. Hum Reprod, 13:3000-3004, 1998.
29 Kondo, T, Zakany, J, Innis, JW, Duboule, D. Of fingers, toes and penises. Nature, 390:29, 1997.
30 Brosnan, MJ. Digit ratio as an indicator of numeracy relative to literacy in 7-year-old British schoolchildren. Br J Psychol, 99:75-85, 2008.
31 Williams, TJ, Pepitone, ME, Christensen, SE, Cooke, BM, Huberman, AD, Breedlove, NJ, Breedlove, TJ, Jordan, CL, Breedlove, SM. Finger-length ratios and sexual orientation. Nature, 404:455-456, 2000.
32 Eisenegger, C, Naef, M, Snozzi, R, Heinrichs, M, Fehr, E. Prejudice and truth about the effect of testosterone on human bargaining behaviour. Nature, 463:356-359, 2010.
33 Sanfey, AG, Rilling, JK, Aronson, JA, Nystrom, LE, Cohen, JD. The neural basis of economic decision-making in the Ultimatum Game. Science, 300:1755-1758, 2003.
34 Churchland, PS. The impact of neuroscience on philosophy. Neuron, 60:409-411, 2008.
35 Kosfeld, M, Heinrichs, M, Zak, PJ, Fischbacher, U, Fehr, E. Oxytocin increases trust in humans. Nature, 435:673-676, 2005.
36 Baumgartner, T, Heinrichs, M, Vonlanthen, A, Fischbacher, U, Fehr, E. Oxytocin shapes the neural circuitry of trust and trust adaptation in humans. Neuron, 58:639-650, 2008.
37 Knutson, B, Wimmer, GE, Rick, S, Hollon, NG, Prelec, D, Loewenstein, G. Neural antecedents of the endowment effect. Neuron, 58:814-822, 2008.
38 Whitson, JA, Galinsky, AD. Lacking control increases illusory pattern perception. Science, 322:115-117, 2008.
39 Clancy, K, Hamm, M, Levine, AS, Wilkins, J. Organics: evidence of nutritional superiority is weak. Science, 325:676, 2009.
40 Seufert V, Ramankutty N, Foley JA. Comparing the yields of organic and conventional agriculture. Nature 485:229-232, 2012.
41 Plassmann, H, O'Doherty, J, Shiv, B, Rangel, A. Marketing actions can modulate neural representations of experienced pleasantness. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 105:1050-1054, 2008.
42 Sokol-Hessner, P, Hsu, M, Curley, NG, Delgado, MR, Camerer, CF, Phelps, EA. Thinking like a trader selectively reduces individuals' loss aversion. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 106:5035-5040, 2009.
43 Egan, LC, Santos, LR, Bloom, P. The origins of cognitive dissonance: evidence from children and monkeys. Psychol Sci, 18:978-983, 2007.
44 Daw, ND, O'Doherty, JP, Dayan, P, Seymour, B, Dolan, RJ. Cortical substrates for exploratory decisions in humans. Nature, 441:876-879, 2006.
45 Padoa-Schioppa, C, Assad, JA. The representation of economic value in the orbitofrontal cortex is invariant for changes of menu. Nat Neurosci, 11:95-102, 2008.
46 Siman-Tov, T, Mendelsohn, A, Schonberg, T, Avidan, G, Podlipsky, I, Pessoa, L, Gadoth, N, Ungerleider, LG, Hendler, T. Bihemispheric leftward bias in a visuospatial attention-related network. J Neurosci, 27:11271-11278, 2007.
47 Diekamp, B, Regolin, L, Gunturkun, O, Vallortigara, G. A left-sided visuospatial bias in birds. Curr Biol, 15:R372-373, 2005.
48 Ortigue, S, Bianchi-Demicheli, F, Hamilton, AF, Grafton, ST. The neural basis of love as a subliminal prime: an event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging study. J Cogn Neurosci, 19:1218-1230, 2007.
49 Arai, JA, Li, S, Hartley, DM, Feig, LA. Transgenerational rescue of a genetic defect in long-term potentiation and memory formation by juvenile enrichment. J Neurosci, 29:1496-1502, 2009.
50 Owen, AM, Hampshire, A, Grahn, JA, Stenton, R, Dajani, S, Burns, AS, Howard, RJ, Ballard, CG. Putting brain training to the test. Nature, 465:775-778, 2010.
51 Nouchi, R, Taki, Y, Takeuchi, H, Hashizume, H, Akitsuki, Y, Shigemune, Y, Sekiguchi, A, Kotozaki, Y, Tsukiura, T, Yomogida, Y, Kawashima, R. Brain training game improves executive functions and processing speed in the elderly: a randomized controlled trial. PLoS One, 7:e29676, 2012.
52 McNab, F, Varrone, A, Farde, L, Jucaite, A, Bystritsky, P, Forssberg, H, Klingberg, T. Changes in cortical dopamine D1 receptor binding associated with cognitive training. Science, 323:800-802, 2009.
53 McCabe, DP, Castel, AD. Seeing is believing: the effect of brain images on judgments of scientific reasoning. Cognition, 107:343-352, 2008.
54 Miller, G. Neuroimaging. Growing pains for fMRI. Science, 320:1412-1414, 2008.
55 Bshary, R, Grutter, AS, Willener, AS, Leimar, O. Pairs of cooperating cleaner fish provide better service quality than singletons. Nature, 455:964-966, 2008.
56 Knoch, D, Pascual-Leone, A, Meyer, K, Treyer, V, Fehr, E. Diminishing reciprocal fairness by disrupting the right prefrontal cortex. Science, 314:829-832, 2006.
57 Dreber, A, Rand, DG, Fudenberg, D, Nowak, MA. Winners don't punish. Nature, 452:348-351, 2008.
58 Thomson, JJ. The Trolley Problem, . Yale Law Journal, 94:1395-1415, 1985.
59 Greene, JD, Sommerville, RB, Nystrom, LE, Darley, JM, Cohen, JD. An fMRI investigation of emotional engagement in moral judgment. Science, 293:2105-2108, 2001.
60 Koenigs, M, Young, L, Adolphs, R, Tranel, D, Cushman, F, Hauser, M, Damasio, A. Damage to the prefrontal cortex increases utilitarian moral judgements. Nature, 446:908-911, 2007.
61 Isen, AM, Daubman, KA, Nowicki, GP. Positive affect facilitates creative problem solving. J Pers Soc Psychol, 52:1122-1131, 1987.
62 Lee, AY, Sternthal, B. The effects of positive mood on memory. J Consumer Res, 26:115-127, 1999.
63 Ashby, GF, Valentin, VV, Turken, U. The effects of positive affect and arousal on working memory and executive attention. Emotional cognition: from brain to behaviour, :245-287, 2002.
64 Wiswede, D, Munte, TF, Kramer, UM, Russeler, J. Embodied emotion modulates neural signature of performance monitoring. PLoS One, 4:e5754, 2009.
65 Strack, F, Martin, LL, Stepper, S. Inhibiting and facilitating conditions of the human smile: a nonobtrusive test of the facial feedback hypothesis. J Pers Soc Psychol, 54:768-777, 1988.
66 Havas, DA, Glenberg, AM, Rinck, M. Emotion simulation during language comprehension. Psychon Bull Rev, 14:436-441, 2007.
67 Neal, DT. Embodied emotion perception: amplifying and dampening facial feedback modulates emotion perception accuracy. Soc Psychol Personal Sci, 2:673-673, 2011.
68 Paukner, A, Suomi, SJ, Visalberghi, E, Ferrari, PF. Capuchin monkeys display affiliation toward humans who imitate them. Science, 325:880-883, 2009.
69 Niedenthal, PM. Embodying emotion. Science, 316:1002-1005, 2007.
70 Susskind, JM, Lee, DH, Cusi, A, Feiman, R, Grabski, W, Anderson, AK. Expressing fear enhances sensory acquisition. Nat Neurosci, 11:843-850, 2008.
71 Brinol, P, Petty, RE, Wagner, B. Body posture effects on self-evaluation: A self-validation approach cartoons. Eur J Soc Psychol, 39:1053-1064, 2009.
72 Chapman, HA, Kim, DA, Susskind, JM, Anderson, AK. In bad taste: evidence for the oral origins of moral disgust. Science, 323:1222-1226, 2009.
73 Prehn-Kristensen, A, Wiesner, C, Bergmann, TO, Wolff, S, Jansen, O, Mehdorn, HM, Ferstl, R, Pause, BM. Induction of empathy by the smell of anxiety. PLoS One, 4:e5987, 2009.
74 Lundstrom, JN, Boyle, JA, Zatorre, RJ, Jones-Gotman, M. The neuronal substrates of human olfactory based kin recognition. Hum Brain Mapp, 30:2571-2580, 2009.
75 Marazziti, D, Torri, P, Baroni, S, Dell'Osso, MC, Consoli, G, Boncinelli, V. Is androstadienone a putative human pheromone? Curr Med Chem, 18:1213-1219, 2011.
76 Zhou, W, Chen, D. Encoding human sexual chemosensory cues in the orbitofrontal and fusiform cortices. J Neurosci, 28:14416-14421, 2008.
77 Herz, RS. Aromatherapy facts and fictions: a scientific analysis of olfactory effects on mood, physiology and behavior. Int J Neurosci, 119:263-290, 2009.
78 Lehrner, J, Eckersberger, C, Walla, P, Potsch, G, Deecke, L. Ambient odor of orange in a dental office reduces anxiety and improves mood in female patients. Physiol Behav, 71:83-86, 2000.
79 Baron, RA. The sweet smell of helping: effects of pleasant ambient fragrance on prosocial behavior in shopping malls. PErs Soc Psychol Bull, 23:498-503, 1997.
80 Seo, HS, Hirano, M, Shibato, J, Rakwal, R, Hwang, IK, Masuo, Y. Effects of coffee bean aroma on the rat brain stressed by sleep deprivation: a selected transcript- and 2D gel-based proteome analysis. J Agric Food Chem, 56:4665-4673, 2008.
81 Karpicke, JD, Roediger, HL, 3rd. The critical importance of retrieval for learning. Science, 319:966-968, 2008.
82 Koubova, J, Guarente, L. How does calorie restriction work? Genes Dev, 17:313-321, 2003.
83 Conti, B, Sanchez-Alavez, M, Winsky-Sommerer, R, Morale, MC, Lucero, J, Brownell, S, Fabre, V, Huitron-Resendiz, S, Henriksen, S, Zorrilla, EP, de Lecea, L, Bartfai, T. Transgenic mice with a reduced core body temperature have an increased life span. Science, 314:825-828, 2006.
84 Witte, AV, Fobker, M, Gellner, R, Knecht, S, Floel, A. Caloric restriction improves memory in elderly humans. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 106:1255-1260, 2009.
85 Laursen, L. A memorable device. Science, 323:1422-1423, 2009.
86 Ludwig, VU, Adachi, I, Matsuzawa, T. Visuoauditory mappings between high luminance and high pitch are shared by chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) and humans. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 108:20661-20665, 2011.
87 Williams, LE, Bargh, JA. Experiencing physical warmth promotes interpersonal warmth. Science, 322:606-607, 2008.
88 Hill, RA, Barton, RA. Red enhances human performance in contests. Nature, 435:293, 2005.
89 Rowe, C, Harris, JM, Roberts, SC. Sporting contests: seeing red? Putting sportswear in context. Nature, 437:E10; discussion E10-11, 2005.
90 Maier, MA, Elliot, AJ, Lichtenfeld, S. Mediation of the negative effect of red on intellectual performance. PErs Soc Psychol Bull, 34:1530-1540, 2008.
91 Elliot, AJ, Maier, MA, Moller, AC, Friedman, R, Meinhardt, J. Color and psychological functioning: the effect of red on performance attainment. J Exp Psychol Gen, 136:154-168, 2007.
92 Hatta, TI, Yoshida, H, Kawakami, A, Okamoto, M. Color of computer display frame in work performance, mood, and physiological response. Percept Mot Skills, 94:39-46, 2002.
93 Soldat, AS, Sinclair, RC, Mark, MM. Color as an environmental processing cue: External affective cues can directly affect processing strategy without affecting mood. Soc Cognit, 15:55-71, 1997.
94 Mehta, R, Zhu, RJ. Blue or red? Exploring the effect of color on cognitive task performances. Science, 323:1226-1229, 2009.
95 Analyzing the auditory scene. Nat Neurosci, 1:333, 1998.
96 Kuhl, PK. Human adults and human infants show a “perceptual magnet effect” for the prototypes of speech categories, monkeys do not. Percept Psychophys, 50:93-107, 1991.
97 Kuhl, PK, Williams, KA, Lacerda, F, Stevens, KN, Lindblom, B. Linguistic experience alters phonetic perception in infants by 6 months of age. Science, 255:606-608, 1992.
98 Weikum, WM, Vouloumanos, A, Navarra, J, Soto-Faraco, S, Sebastian-Galles, N, Werker, JF. Visual language discrimination in infancy. Science, 316:1159, 2007.
99 Pena, M, Maki, A, Kovacic, D, Dehaene-Lambertz, G, Koizumi, H, Bouquet, F, Mehler, J. Sounds and silence: an optical topography study of language recognition at birth. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 100:11702-11705, 2003.
100 Douglas, KM, Bilkey, DK. Amusia is associated with deficits in spatial processing. Nat Neurosci, 10:915-921, 2007.
101 Sloboda, JA, Wise, KJ, Peretz, I. Quantifying tone deafness in the general population. Ann N Y Acad Sci, 1060:255-261, 2005.
102 Drayna, D, Manichaikul, A, de Lange, M, Snieder, H, Spector, T. Genetic correlates of musical pitch recognition in humans. Science, 291:1969-1972, 2001.
103 Peretz, I, Champod, AS, Hyde, K. Varieties of musical disorders. The Montreal Battery of Evaluation of Amusia. Ann N Y Acad Sci, 999:58-75, 2003.
104 Peretz, I, Ayotte, J, Zatorre, RJ, Mehler, J, Ahad, P, Penhune, VB, Jutras, B. Congenital amusia: a disorder of fine-grained pitch discrimination. Neuron, 33:185-191, 2002.
105 Ayotte, J, Peretz, I, Hyde, K. Congenital amusia: a group study of adults afflicted with a music-specific disorder. Brain, 125:238-251, 2002.
106 Rusconi, E, Kwan, B, Giordano, BL, Umilta, C, Butterworth, B. Spatial representation of pitch height: the SMARC effect. Cognition, 99:113-129, 2006.
107 Zatorre, RJ, Krumhansl, CL. Mental models and musical minds. Science, 298:2138-2139, 2002.
108 Tymoczko, D. The geometry of musical chords. Science, 313:72-74, 2006.
109 Sluming, V, Brooks, J, Howard, M, Downes, JJ, Roberts, N. Broca's area supports enhanced visuospatial cognition in orchestral musicians. J Neurosci, 27:3799-3806, 2007.
110 Stone, AA, Schwartz, JE, Broderick, JE, Deaton, A. A snapshot of the age distribution of psychological well-being in the United States. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 107:9985-9990, 2010.
111 Wood, S, Kisley, MA. The negativity bias is eliminated in older adults: age-related reduction in event-related brain potentials associated with evaluative categorization. Psychol Aging, 21:815-820, 2006.
112 Kisley, MA, Wood, S, Burrows, CL. Looking at the sunny side of life: age-related change in an event-related potential measure of the negativity bias. Psychol Sci, 18:838-843, 2007.
113 Mather, M, Canli, T, English, T, Whitfield, S, Wais, P, Ochsner, K, Gabrieli, JD, Carstensen, LL. Amygdala responses to emotionally valenced stimuli in older and younger adults. Psychol Sci, 15:259-263, 2004.
114 Samanez-Larkin, GR, Gibbs, SE, Khanna, K, Nielsen, L, Carstensen, LL, Knutson, B. Anticipation of monetary gain but not loss in healthy older adults. Nat Neurosci, 10:787-791, 2007.
115 Rohsenow, DJ, Howland, J, Arnedt, JT, Almeida, AB, Greece, J, Minsky, S, Kempler, CS, Sales, S. Intoxication with bourbon versus vodka: effects on hangover, sleep, and next-day neurocognitive performance in young adults. Alcohol Clin Exp Res, 34:509-518, 2010.
116 Mokdad, AH, Marks, JS, Stroup, DF, Gerberding, JL. Actual causes of death in the United States, 2000. JAMA, 291:1238-1245, 2004.
117 Gilman, JM, Ramchandani, VA, Davis, MB, Bjork, JM, Hommer, DW. Why we like to drink: a functional magnetic resonance imaging study of the rewarding and anxiolytic effects of alcohol. J Neurosci, 28:4583-4591, 2008.
118 Koob, GF. Drugs of abuse: anatomy, pharmacology and function of reward pathways. Trends Pharmacol Sci, 13:177-184, 1992.
119 Youngentob, SL, Glendinning, JI. Fetal ethanol exposure increases ethanol intake by making it smell and taste better. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 106:5359-5364, 2009.
120 Bohannon, J. The theory? Diet causes violence. The lab? Prison. Science, 325:1614-1616, 2009.
121 Gardner, A, Kaplan, BJ, Rucklidge, JJ, Jonsson, BH, Humble, MB. The potential of nutritional therapy. Science, 327:268, 2010.
122 Pauling, L. Orthomolecular psychiatry. Varying the concentrations of substances normally present in the human body may control mental disease. Science, 160:265-271, 1968.
123 Gomez-Pinilla, F. Brain foods: the effects of nutrients on brain function. Nat Rev Neurosci, 9:568-578, 2008.
124 George, MS, Nahas, Z, Borckardt, JJ, Anderson, B, Foust, MJ, Burns, C, Kose, S, Short, EB. Brain stimulation for the treatment of psychiatric disorders. Curr Opin Psychiatry, 20:250-254; discussion 247-259, 2007.
125 Nahas, Z, Marangell, LB, Husain, MM, Rush, AJ, Sackeim, HA, Lisanby, SH, Martinez, JM, George, MS. Two-year outcome of vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) for treatment of major depressive episodes. J Clin Psychiatry, 66:1097-1104, 2005.
126 Follesa, P, Biggio, F, Gorini, G, Caria, S, Talani, G, Dazzi, L, Puligheddu, M, Marrosu, F, Biggio, G. Vagus nerve stimulation increases norepinephrine concentration and the gene expression of BDNF and bFGF in the rat brain. Brain Res, 1179:28-34, 2007.
127 Hibbeln, JR. Fish consumption and major depression. Lancet, 351:1213, 1998.
128 Fujita, S, Ikegaya, Y, Nishikawa, M, Nishiyama, N, Matsuki, N. Docosahexaenoic acid improves long-term potentiation attenuated by phospholipase A(2) inhibitor in rat hippocampal slices. British Journal of Pharmacology, 132:1417-1422, 2001.
129 Smith, MK, Wood, WB, Adams, WK, Wieman, C, Knight, JK, Guild, N, Su, TT. Why peer discussion improves student performance on in-class concept questions. Science, 323:122-124, 2009.
130 Couzin, ID, Krause, J, Franks, NR, Levin, SA. Effective leadership and decision-making in animal groups on the move. Nature, 433:513-516, 2005.
131 Franks, NR, Pratt, SC, Mallon, EB, Britton, NF, Sumpter, DJ. Information flow, opinion polling and collective intelligence in house-hunting social insects. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci, 357:1567-1583, 2002.
132 Ramirez, G, Beilock, SL. Writing about testing worries boosts exam performance in the classroom. Science, 331:211-213, 2011.
133 Aarts, H, Custers, R, Marien, H. Preparing and motivating behavior outside of awareness. Science, 319:1639, 2008.
134 Green, RE et al. A draft sequence of the Neandertal genome. Science, 328:710-722, 2010.
135 Burbano, HA, Hodges, E, Green, RE, Briggs, AW, Krause, J, Meyer, M, Good, JM, Maricic, T, Johnson, PL, Xuan, Z, Rooks, M, Bhattacharjee, A, Brizuela, L, Albert, FW, de la Rasilla, M, Fortea, J, Rosas, A, Lachmann, M, Hannon, GJ, Paabo, S. Targeted investigation of the Neandertal genome by array-based sequence capture. Science, 328:723-725, 2010.
136 Briggs, AW, Good, JM, Green, RE, Krause, J, Maricic, T, Stenzel, U, Lalueza-Fox, C, Rudan, P, Brajkovic, D, Kucan, Z, Gusic, I, Schmitz, R, Doronichev, VB, Golovanova, LV, de la Rasilla, M, Fortea, J, Rosas, A, Paabo, S. Targeted retrieval and analysis of five Neandertal mtDNA genomes. Science, 325:318-321, 2009.
137 Blacks see growing values gap between poor and middle class: optimism about black progress declines. Pew Research Centre, 2007.
138 Kawakami, K, Dunn, E, Karmali, F, Dovidio, JF. Mispredicting affective and behavioral responses to racism. Science, 323:276-278, 2009.
139 McBrearty, S, Brooks, AS. The revolution that wasn't: a new interpretation of the origin of modern human behavior. J Hum Evol, 39:453-563, 2000.
140 Konopka, G, Bomar, JM, Winden, K, Coppola, G, Jonsson, ZO, Gao, F, Peng, S, Preuss, TM, Wohlschlegel, JA, Geschwind, DH. Human-specific transcriptional regulation of CNS development genes by FOXP2. Nature, 462:213-217, 2009.
141 Enard, W, Przeworski, M, Fisher, SE, Lai, CS, Wiebe, V, Kitano, T, Monaco, AP, Paabo, S. Molecular evolution of FOXP2, a gene involved in speech and language. Nature, 418:869-872, 2002.
142 Fisher, SE, Scharff, C. FOXP2 as a molecular window into speech and language. Trends Genet, 25:166-177, 2009.
143 Lai, CS, Fisher, SE, Hurst, JA, Vargha-Khadem, F, Monaco, AP. A forkhead-domain gene is mutated in a severe speech and language disorder. Nature, 413:519-523, 2001.
144 Enard, W et al. A humanized version of Foxp2 affects cortico-basal ganglia circuits in mice. Cell, 137:961-971, 2009.
145 Lieberman, P. FOXP2 and Human Cognition. Cell, 137:800-802, 2009.
146 Kay, P, Kempton, W. What is the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis? Am Anthropol, 86:65-79, 1984.
147 Winawer, J, Witthoft, N, Frank, MC, Wu, L, Wade, AR, Boroditsky, L. Russian blues reveal effects of language on color discrimination. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 104:7780-7785, 2007.
148 Tan, LH, Chan, AH, Kay, P, Khong, PL, Yip, LK, Luke, KK. Language affects patterns of brain activation associated with perceptual decision. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 105:4004-4009, 2008.
149 Barrett, LF, Lindquist, KA, Gendron, M. Language as context for the perception of emotion. Trends Cogn Sci, 11:327-332, 2007.
150 Rapp, AM, Leube, DT, Erb, M, Grodd, W, Kircher, TT. Neural correlates of metaphor processing. Brain Res Cogn Brain Res, 20:395-402, 2004.
151 Bottini, G, Corcoran, R, Sterzi, R, Paulesu, E, Schenone, P, Scarpa, P, Frackowiak, RS, Frith, CD. The role of the right hemisphere in the interpretation of figurative aspects of language. A positron emission tomography activation study. Brain, 117:1241-1253, 1994.
152 Shammi, P, Stuss, DT. Humour appreciation: a role of the right frontal lobe. Brain, 122:657-666, 1999.
153 Lehman Blake, M. Affective language and humor appreciation after right hemisphere brain damage. Semin Speech Lang, 24:107-119, 2003.
154 Azim, E, Mobbs, D, Jo, B, Menon, V, Reiss, AL. Sex differences in brain activation elicited by humor. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 102:16496-16501, 2005.
155 Mobbs, D, Greicius, MD, Abdel-Azim, E, Menon, V, Reiss, AL. Humor modulates the mesolimbic reward centers. Neuron, 40:1041-1048, 2003.
156 Mobbs, D, Hagan, CC, Azim, E, Menon, V, Reiss, AL. Personality predicts activity in reward and emotional regions associated with humor. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 102:16502-16506, 2005.
157 Seitz, AR, Kim, D, Watanabe, T. Rewards evoke learning of unconsciously processed visual stimuli in adult humans. Neuron, 61:700-707, 2009.
158 Pessiglione, M, Petrovic, P, Daunizeau, J, Palminteri, S, Dolan, RJ, Frith, CD. Subliminal instrumental conditioning demonstrated in the human brain. Neuron, 59:561-567, 2008.
159 Shibata, K, Watanabe, T, Sasaki, Y, Kawato, M. Perceptual learning incepted by decoded fMRI neurofeedback without stimulus presentation. Science, 334:1413-1415, 2011.
160 Kuo, WJ, Sjostrom, T, Chen, YP, Wang, YH, Huang, CY. Intuition and deliberation: two systems for strategizing in the brain. Science, 324:519-522, 2009.
161 Song, C, Qu, Z, Blumm, N, Barabasi, AL. Limits of predictability in human mobility. Science, 327:1018-1021, 2010.
162 Brasil-Neto, JP, Pascual-Leone, A, Valls-Sole, J, Cohen, LG, Hallett, M. Focal transcranial magnetic stimulation and response bias in a forced-choice task. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry, 55:964-966, 1992.
163 Oliveira, FT, Diedrichsen, J, Verstynen, T, Duque, J, Ivry, RB. Transcranial magnetic stimulation of posterior parietal cortex affects decisions of hand choice. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 107:17751-17756, 2010.
164 Galdi, S, Arcuri, L, Gawronski, B. Automatic mental associations predict future choices of undecided decision-makers. Science, 321:1100-1102, 2008.
165 Wilson, TD, Bar-Anan, Y. The unseen mind. Science, 321:1046-1047, 2008.
166 Soon, CS, Brass, M, Heinze, HJ, Haynes, JD. Unconscious determinants of free decisions in the human brain. Nat Neurosci, 11:543-545, 2008.
167 Smith, K. Neuroscience vs philosophy: Taking aim at free will. Nature, 477:23-25, 2011.
168 Desmurget, M, Reilly, KT, Richard, N, Szathmari, A, Mottolese, C, Sirigu, A. Movement intention after parietal cortex stimulation in humans. Science, 324:811-813, 2009.
169 Lau, HC, Rogers, RD, Haggard, P, Passingham, RE. Attention to intention. Science, 303:1208-1210, 2004.
170 Rigoni, D, Kuhn, S, Sartori, G, Brass, M. Inducing disbelief in free will alters brain correlates of preconscious motor preparation: the brain minds whether we believe in free will or not. Psychol Sci, 22:613-618, 2011.
171 Vohs, KD, Schooler, JW. The value of believing in free will: encouraging a belief in determinism increases cheating. Psychol Sci, 19:49-54, 2008.
172 Cashmore, AR. The Lucretian swerve: the biological basis of human behavior and the criminal justice system. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 107:4499-4504, 2010.
173 He, Y, Jones, CR, Fujiki, N, Xu, Y, Guo, B, Holder, JL, Jr., Rossner, MJ, Nishino, S, Fu, YH. The transcriptional repressor DEC2 regulates sleep length in mammals. Science, 325:866-870, 2009.
174 Wallas, G. The Art of Thought. Harcourt Brace, 1962.
175 Cai, DJ, Mednick, SA, Harrison, EM, Kanady, JC, Mednick, SC. REM, not incubation, improves creativity by priming associative networks. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 106:10130-10134, 2009.
176 Brawn, TP, Fenn, KM, Nusbaum, HC, Margoliash, D. Consolidation of sensorimotor learning during sleep. Learn Mem, 15:815-819, 2008.
177 Litman, L, Davachi, L. Distributed learning enhances relational memory consolidation. Learn Mem, 15:711-716, 2008.
178 Marshall, L, Helgadottir, H, Molle, M, Born, J. Boosting slow oscillations during sleep potentiates memory. Nature, 444:610-613, 2006.
179 Rasch, B, Buchel, C, Gais, S, Born, J. Odor cues during slow-wave sleep prompt declarative memory consolidation. Science, 315:1426-1429, 2007.
180 Gibson, DG, Glass, JI, Lartigue, C, Noskov, VN, Chuang, RY, Algire, MA, Benders, GA, Montague, MG, Ma, L, Moodie, MM, Merryman, C, Vashee, S, Krishnakumar, R, Assad-Garcia, N, Andrews-Pfannkoch, C, Denisova, EA, Young, L, Qi, ZQ, Segall-Shapiro, TH, Calvey, CH, Parmar, PP, Hutchison, CA, 3rd, Smith, HO, Venter, JC. Creation of a bacterial cell controlled by a chemically synthesized genome. Science, 329:52-56, 2010.
181 Fraser, CM, Gocayne, JD, White, O, Adams, MD, Clayton, RA, Fleischmann, RD, Bult, CJ, Kerlavage, AR, Sutton, G, Kelley, JM, Fritchman, RD, Weidman, JF, Small, KV, Sandusky, M, Fuhrmann, J, Nguyen, D, Utterback, TR, Saudek, DM, Phillips, CA, Merrick, JM, Tomb, JF, Dougherty, BA, Bott, KF, Hu, PC, Lucier, TS, Peterson, SN, Smith, HO, Hutchison, CA, 3rd, Venter, JC. The minimal gene complement of Mycoplasma genitalium. Science, 270:397-403, 1995.
182 God and the Brain: Is Belief a Psychological Condition? A collection of grest articles on the subject. Atheist Empire, 1997.
183 Persinger, MA. Religious and mystical experiences as artifacts of temporal lobe function: a general hypothesis. Percept Mot Skills, 57:1255-1262, 1983.
184 St-Pierre, LS, Persinger, MA. Experimental facilitation of the sensed presence is predicted by the specific patterns of the applied magnetic fields, not by suggestibility: re-analyses of 19 experiments. Int J Neurosci, 116:1079-1096, 2006.
185 Ogata, A, Miyakawa, T. Religious experiences in epileptic patients with a focus on ictus-related episodes. Psychiatry Clin Neurosci, 52:321-325, 1998.
186 Koenig, H, McCullough, M, Larson, D. Handbook of religion and health. Oxford University Press, 2001.
187 Norenzayan, A, Shariff, AF. The origin and evolution of religious prosociality. Science, 322:58-62, 2008.
188 Epley, N, Converse, BA, Delbosc, A, Monteleone, GA, Cacioppo, JT. Believers' estimates of God's beliefs are more egocentric than estimates of other people's beliefs. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 106:21533-21538, 2009.
189 Spiegel, D. Mesmer minus magic: hypnosis and modern medicine. Int J Clin Exp Hypn, 50:397-406, 2002.
190 Raz, A, Fan, J, Posner, MI. Hypnotic suggestion reduces conflict in the human brain. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 102:9978-9983, 2005.
191 Mendelsohn, A, Chalamish, Y, Solomonovich, A, Dudai, Y. Mesmerizing memories: brain substrates of episodic memory suppression in posthypnotic amnesia. Neuron, 57:159-170, 2008.
192 Amsterdam, B. Mirror self-image reactions before age two. Dev Psychobiol, 5:297-305, 1972.
193 Uddin, LQ, Molnar-Szakacs, I, Zaidel, E, Iacoboni, M. rTMS to the right inferior parietal lobule disrupts self-other discrimination. Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci, 1:65-71, 2006.
194 Arzy, S, Seeck, M, Ortigue, S, Spinelli, L, Blanke, O. Induction of an illusory shadow person. Nature, 443:287, 2006.
195 Blanke, O, Ortigue, S, Landis, T, Seeck, M. Stimulating illusory own-body perceptions. Nature, 419:269-270, 2002.
196 Lutz, A, Greischar, LL, Rawlings, NB, Ricard, M, Davidson, RJ. Long-term meditators self-induce high-amplitude gamma synchrony during mental practice. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 101:16369-16373, 2004.
197 Brefczynski-Lewis, JA, Lutz, A, Schaefer, HS, Levinson, DB, Davidson, RJ. Neural correlates of attentional expertise in long-term meditation practitioners. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 104:11483-11488, 2007.
198 Tang, YY, Ma, Y, Wang, J, Fan, Y, Feng, S, Lu, Q, Yu, Q, Sui, D, Rothbart, MK, Fan, M, Posner, MI. Short-term meditation training improves attention and self-regulation. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 104:17152-17156, 2007.
199 Tang, YY, Ma, Y, Fan, Y, Feng, H, Wang, J, Feng, S, Lu, Q, Hu, B, Lin, Y, Li, J, Zhang, Y, Wang, Y, Zhou, L, Fan, M. Central and autonomic nervous system interaction is altered by short-term meditation. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 106:8865-8870, 2009.
200 Szpunar, KK, Watson, JM, McDermott, KB. Neural substrates of envisioning the future. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 104:642-647, 2007.
201 Addis, DR, Wong, AT, Schacter, DL. Remembering the past and imagining the future: common and distinct neural substrates during event construction and elaboration. Neuropsychologia, 45:1363-1377, 2007.
202 Hassabis, D, Kumaran, D, Vann, SD, Maguire, EA. Patients with hippocampal amnesia cannot imagine new experiences. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 104:1726-1731, 2007.
203 Eisenberger, NI, Lieberman, MD, Williams, KD. Does rejection hurt? An FMRI study of social exclusion. Science, 302:290-292, 2003.
204 Knops, A, Thirion, B, Hubbard, EM, Michel, V, Dehaene, S. Recruitment of an area involved in eye movements during mental arithmetic. Science, 324:1583-1585, 2009.
205 Dehaene, S, Cohen, L. Cultural recycling of cortical maps. Neuron, 56:384-398, 2007.
206 Green, CS, Bavelier, D. Action video game modifies visual selective attention. Nature, 423:534-537, 2003.
207 Krupa, DJ, Wiest, MC, Shuler, MG, Laubach, M, Nicolelis, MA. Layer-specific somatosensory cortical activation during active tactile discrimination. Science, 304:1989-1992, 2004.